This activity is supported by an educational grant from the Bristol-Myers Squibb and Pfizer Alliance.

The opinions or views expressed in this CE/CME activity do not necessarily reflect the opinions or recommendations of Practicing Clinicians Exchange or any educational supporter.

All faculty and planners participating in continuing education activities sponsored by Practicing Clinicians Exchange (PCE) are required to disclose all financial relationships with ineligible companies. All relevant conflicts of interest are thoroughly vetted and mitigated according to PCE policy. In addition, all faculty are required to openly disclose any off-label, experimental, or investigational use of drugs or devices discussed in this activity. The faculty and Planning Committee have been advised that this activity must be free from commercial bias and based upon all available scientifically rigorous data from research that conforms to accepted standards of experimental design, data collection, and analysis.

Keith C. Ferdinand, MD, FACC, FAHA: consultant: Amgen, Boehringer Ingelheim, Medtronic, Novartis, Sanofi.

David S. Kountz, MD has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.

Laura Ross, PA-C, CLS has no relevant financial relationships to disclose.

None of the members of the Planning Committee or PCE staff have any relevant relationships to disclose.

For Practicing Clinicians Exchange general information, contact pce@practicingclinicians.com.